Canadian native dating
As of the 2016 census, Aboriginal peoples in Canada totalled 1,673,785 people, or 4.9% of the national population, with 977,230 First Nations people, 587,545 Métis and 65,025 Inuit.
However, on reserves, First Nations is being supplanted by members of various nations referring to themselves by their group or ethnical identity.
The Paleo-Indian Clovis, Plano and Pre-Dorset cultures pre-date current indigenous peoples of the Americas.
Projectile point tools, spears, pottery, bangles, chisels and scrapers mark archaeological sites, thus distinguishing cultural periods, traditions and lithic reduction styles.
The government inherited treaty obligations from the British colonial authorities in Eastern Canada and signed treaties itself with First Nations in Western Canada (the Numbered Treaties).
It also passed the Indian Act in 1876 which governed its interactions with all treaty and non-treaty peoples.
One route hypothesized is that people walked south by way of an ice-free corridor on the east side of the Rocky Mountains, and then fanned out across North America before continuing on to South America.
Their settlements included longhouses and boat-topped temporary or seasonal houses.
In conversation this would be "I am Haida", or "we are Kwantlens", in recognition of their First Nations ethnicities.
Besides these ethnic descriptors, Aboriginal peoples are often divided into legal categories based on their relationship with the Crown (i.e. Section 91 (clause 24) of the Constitution Act, 1867 gives the federal government (as opposed to the provinces) the sole responsibility for "Indians, and Lands reserved for the Indians".
Over the course of thousands of years, American indigenous peoples domesticated, bred and cultivated a large array of plant species.
These species now constitute 50 – 60% of all crops in cultivation worldwide.